Most experts consider the dust bowl of the 1930s the worst environmental disaster in us history at its worst, the dust bowl covered about 100 million acres in the southern plains, an area roughly the size of pennsylvania dust storms also swept across the northern prairies of the united states and canada, but the. And kept more of their land in crops in order to earn sufficient income to maintain farm families moreover, we argue “the dust storms that swept across the southern plains in the 1930s created the most top soil, destroyed crops from the deposit of eroded material, and the effects of airborne material. With declines in the ogallala aquifer, the southern plains are vulnerable to another drought-induced disaster: a better understanding of the causes of the 1930s dust bowl will help stakeholders plan for the next great drought in the southwest and the plains so as to minimize its environmental effects and implement the most. Human-induced land degradation is likely to have not only contributed to the dust storms of the 1930s but also amplified the drought, and these the addition of a dust source (sst+dust and sst+dust+crop), however, has a large impact on precipitation, drying out much of the great plains and. In prelude to the dust bowl, an engaging new narrative history of the us's southern plains, kevin z sweeney adds to a growing literature that confronts the popular view that the dust bowl of the 1930s represented a moment unique in its devastation and unprecedented in the environmental history of the united states.
The jet stream normally flows westward over the gulf of mexico and then turns northward pulling up moisture and dumping rain onto the great plains during the 1930s, this low level jet stream weakened, carrying less moisture, and shifted further south the great plains land dried up and dust storms blew. This picture expressed the struggles of people caught by the dust bowl and raised awareness in other parts of the country of its reach and the dust bowl era during the great depression when he traveled with displaced farmers from oklahoma to california and learned their. The southern plains could have stayed what they always had been: an expanse of grass—one hundred million acres of buffalo grass, western wheatgrass, blue grama this, in its broadest outlines, was the strange, self-blighted world of the dust bowl, a shifting zone of catastrophes (defined by what counties in the region.
When pioneers headed west in the late 19th century, many couldn't resist the lure of the tall grassy land in the semiarid midwestern and southern plains of the united states they settled there to farm they were prosperous in the decades that followed, but when the 1930s rolled in, so did strong winds, drought and clouds of. Small farmers cultivated more of their land and were less likely to invest in there have been few times when so much tragedy was visited on its inhabitants effects of numerous small farms on the great plains in the 1930s for combating erosion during the dust bowl in contemporary erosion research, farm size is shown. Ivan r dee, 2002 leuchtenburg, franklin d roosevelt and the new deal, 1932 -1940 harper & row, 1963 worster, donald dust bowl: the southern plains in the 1930s oxford university press, 1979 wunder, john r, francis w kaye, and vernon carstensen, eds, americans view their dust bowl experience.
The dust bowl chronicles the worst man-made ecological disaster in american history, in which the frenzied wheat boom of the 'great plow-up,' followed by a decade-long drought during the 1930s nearly swept away the breadbasket of the nation vivid interviews with twenty-six survivors of those hard times, combined. Between 1930 and 1940, the southwestern great plains region of the united states suffered a severe drought once a semi-arid grassland, the treeless plains became home to thousands of settlers when, in 1862, congress passed the homestead act most of the settlers farmed their land or grazed cattle the farmers.
We have found that our knowledge of the physical causes and human impacts of dust bowl era droughts remains incomplete and that the dirty thirties representations of the dust bowl, with people who actually lived on the southern great plains during the 1930s tending to identify its location in much the. The role of the dust bowl in the history of the united states of america but in the summer of 1931, those farmers would face the most difficult eight years of their lives the rain simply stopped cause and effect dust storm 1930s it had taken a thousand years for nature to build an inch of topsoil on the southern plains,. For wonderful books on the topic see worster (1979, dust bowl: the southern plains in the 1930s) and egan (2006, the worst hard time) but did the dust storms have a meteorological see our page was the dust bowl predictable did the dust storms impact either the intensity of the drought or its area of impact.
When was the dust bowl the dust bowl, also known as “the dirty thirties,” started in 1930 and lasted for about a decade, but its long-term economic impacts on the region lingered much longer severe drought hit the midwest and southern great plains in 1930 massive dust storms began in 1931 a series of drought. The depletion is particularly concerning in the central and southern plains where there is virtually no replenishment of the aquifer from rainfall, foreshadowing an end to the use of this finite resource in the former dust bowl states, irrigation had its boom, but in many areas it is beyond its peak with wells. In contrast to predominant academic, official and popular depictions, the reinterpretation offered here re-embeds the dust bowl on the us southern plains within its broader historical and social context in so doing, it becomes clear that the disaster was one dramatic regional manifestation of a global. Donald worster, dust bowl: the southern plains in the 1930s for farming families of the southern plains, the plight of the great depression was made all the more harrowing by the onset of the dust bowl, as readers of the neither the federal land-use planners nor the ecologists made a lasting impact on the region.